There are few places in the world that can offer travellers such a remarkable combination of stunning landscapes, pristine beaches, captivating cultural heritage and unique experiences within such a compact location as Mallorca – or Majorca – depending on where you are from.
Mallorca is the largest of the Balearic Islands, and one of the most popular and beloved destinations in the Mediterranean – with good reason.
The Balearic Islands are an autonomous region of Spain, consisting of the islands of Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza and Formentera. The two official languages are Catalan and Spanish and in Mallorca, a local dialect of Catalan, the Mallorquín (mallorquí) is spoken. In addition, there is a lot of English and German spoken across Mallorca, making communication quite easy.
There are over ten million visitors to Mallorca each year. Here are some tips about appropriate behaviour according to local custom on Mallorca. […] Etiquette on Mallorca
The island offers 300 days of sunshine and a diverse landscape that is ideal for outdoor activities including golf, cycling, hiking, sailing, and of course a host of beaches for swimming and sunbathing.
Palma de Mallorca
The capital of Mallorca is Palma, a vibrant city that is active and dynamic all-year long, with galleries and museums, as well as a beautiful old town filled with luxury boutique hotels, excellent shopping and a big variety of great restaurants. Palma is a popular place to live (voted the best place to live in the world by the Sunday Times) but expect to pay high prices, as demand exceeds supply.
The capital of Mallorca and the Balearic Islands, Palma is the pearl of the Mediterranean. Discover why it’s been named the world’s best city to live in. […] Palma de Mallorca
Living in a palace in the old town or a sea view apartment on Paseo Marítimo or a villa in Son Vida? Palma de Mallorca has so many options. […] Living in Palma
Gourmet capital of the Mediterranean
In recent years, Mallorca has become known as the gourmet capital of the Mediterranean, with a number of Michelin starred restaurants as well as innovative young chefs focusing on locally sourced ingredients and traditions. What’s more, Mallorcan wine is booming, with independent winemakers turning out first rate wines that are gaining in recognition.
Mallorca first started attracting large numbers of tourist in the 1960s, mainly as a package holiday beach destination, when the concept was just getting started, but it was concentrated to the summer and was relatively quiet. Over the years’ tourism on the island has grown tremendously, covering all areas, from north to south and it’s not just a summer destination but also popular in winter. Increasingly travellers come in the spring and autumn for hiking and cycling, particularly to the Serra de Tramuntana mountains in the northwest of the island, a UNESCO World Heritage site. With the new congress centre, the Palacio de Congresos, Mallorca is also positioning itself as a destination to attract corporate presentations, exhibitions and trade fairs. Throughout the year there are concerts and local fiestas celebrating religious events, food, and traditions that bring together the community and tourists.
Fact Sheet about Mallorca
Island official name: Mallorca or Majorca
Government Type: Autonomous community (created in accordance with the Spanish constitution of 1978, with the aim of guaranteeing limited autonomy of the nationalities and regions that make up Spain).
In the Mediterranean sea. One of the Balearic Islands
Latitude 39° 34’ 09” North, Longitude 2° 39’ 00”, East
Elevation above sea level: 34 m = 111ft
From the mainland of Spain: Approximately 130 miles south of Barcelona and 150 miles east of Valencia
Dimensions: 100km North to South, 70km East to West
Sea water quality:
The quality of the sea water is mostly very good around the island of Mallorca and a lot of beaches can be compared with the Caribbean – turquoise waters with fine white sandy beaches.
Area: 3,640.11 km2 (1,405.45 sq miles)
Currency (code): EURO €
– 1 March (in commemoration of the signing of the Statute of Autonomy on the 1st March 1983).
– September 12th is Mallorca Day when the island and the wider Balearic Islands celebrate the arrival of Catalan troops in 1229.
Administrative Capital: Palma de Mallorca
Commercial Capital: Palma de Mallorca – Population (404,681)
The climate of Mallorca is Mediterranean, with annual average temperatures of 19º C and precipitation of 410mm. The coldest month is usually January, with 15ºC and the warmest August, with 31ºC. There are on average 51 days of rain during the year. The wind comes mainly from the north. In some places a slight sea wind can blow during the day. It can become quite uncomfortable, when the strong Tramuntana blows from the north or the sirocco from the south.
The weather in Mallorca is understandably a strong attraction for many visitors to the island. Its climate falls into the category of temperate subtropical, which means hot summers and short, generally mild winters.
The coast is mainly rocky, pocketed with small coves, sandy beaches and caves. Four large bays provide shelter from the open seas – Palma Bay, Alcúdia Bay, Pollensa Bay and Port de Sóller. The interior of the island is covered with lush pine forest, olives and almond trees, and in the central plains there is mainly agricultural terrain and vineyards.
Highest Mountain: Serra de Tramuntana, Puig Major 1,445 m (4,741 ft)
National Flower: The flower of the Almond tree (Prunus Dulcis).
National Parks and Nature Reserves Area: Including all 7 Parks and Reserves – 662.2316sq.km
Island population: 859,289 (2015)
Population Growth Rate: 1.36% (Balearic Islands in 2017)
Population Density: 240.45 people per sq km (622.76 /sq mile)
Life Expectancy at Birth: 85 female, 80 male
Catalan co-official with Castellano the official language in Spain. In many towns you will hear locals speaking Mallorquí which is a dialect of Catalan. Note: English & German are widely spoken in tourist areas and there is also a well developed infrastructure for foreigners buying property on Mallorca.
Religion: Catholic 83%, Muslim 10,3%, Protestant 4.9%, Jews 1,1%.
Time Zone: Mallorcan Time is one hour ahead of GMT.
International Dialing: +34
Voltage: 230 V
Frequency: 50 Hz
Plugs: Type F
Agriculture & Fishing – 0,65%
Industry – 2,20%
Construction – 5,86%
Services – 91,27 (according to the contract signed in the month of July)
Agriculture & Products
Woodland areas (almond trees, olive trees and carob trees) and fruit, followed by cereal and vegetable crops which are above all to be found in the “Pla de Mallorca” (centre of the island). Most important are the olive groves, the citrus fruit orchards in the Sóller valley, the potato and vegetable crops in Sa Pobla.
- The agriculture food sector includes production processing of almonds, oranges, lemons, olives, grapes, wine and cheeses.
- The towns of Binissalem and Felanitx are famous for their wine (over 70 winery’s on the island) and locally produced brandy and liquors.
- There are some mines of copper, lead and marble.
- Local craftsmanship include blown glass work, pottery, work on traditional Mallorcan fabric and the production of wicker baskets.
- The footwear and leather industries are situated in Inca and surrounding villages.
- The production of the world-famous artificial Mallorcan pearls and jewellery in Manacor are amongst the most important industrial sectors on the island.
More than 15 million tons of goods were shipped to the Balearic Islands in 2017, representing an increase of 6% more than in 2016. Between January and November 2017 more than 2-million tons of goods were imported to the port of Alcúdia and 9.4 million tons were imported to Palma. Demand is high from the tourism and construction sectors bringing estimates to at least 17 million tons in 2018.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP):
Annual GDP 2017 28,970M €
Growth Rate 2,7%
Exports % GDP 2017 6.20%
Imports % GDP 2017 5.94%
The flag is the Aragonese – Catalan Flag – nine horizontal stripes yellow and red – with, along the hoist, a white castle rotated 90º counterclockwise on a purple field. On the central tower, an angel in black, haloed and holding a stick topped by a cross.
The castle represents the Royal Palace of La Almudaina, the official residence of the Kings of Majorca, located in Palma de Mallorca, the capital of the Balearic Islands.
Species of Animals:
The island is home to over 300 endemic species of animals, the most famous are the lizards that populate the island of Dragonera in the southwest.
People: locals & celebrities
Some of the earliest famous Mallorcans lived on the island before its reconquest from the Moors.
- Al-Humaydī, Moorish historian, born on the island in 1029.
- Abraham Cresques, a 14th-century Jewish cartographer of the Majorcan cartographic school from Palma, believed to be the author of the Catalan Atlas;
- Robert Graves, English writer, lived for many years in Majorca, buried in a small churchyard on a hill at Deià.
- Ramon Llull, a friar, writer and philosopher, who wrote the first major work of Catalan Literature;
- Junípero Serra, the Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California in 1769.
- Joaquín Jovellar y Soler, 19th century military commander
- Two-time Spanish Prime Minister Antonio Maura
- Juan March Ordinas, born in Santa Margalida in 1880, became one of the richest men in the world through tobacco and arms smuggling. Banca March, founded by him, can still be found everywhere on the island today.
Famous Mallorcans making the headlines today:
- Rafael Nadal (Tennis champion)
- Carlos Moyá (Tennis champion)
- Joan Valent (Music composer)
- Sebastián Pons (Fashion Designer)
- Alberto van Stokkum (Vogue photographer)
- Toni Bestard (Film director)
International celebrities with homes on Mallorca
Michael Douglas & Catherine Zeta Jones and Diandra Douglas
Hana Soukupová (supermodel, owns a home in Alaró)
Matthew Williamson (British fashion designer turned Interior designer lives in Deià)
Jeffrey Archer (English novelist)
Cynthia Lennon (1939 – 2015) lived in Bendinat (first wife of John Lennon)
Colm Meaney (Irish actor)
Steve McManaman (Liverpool & Real Madrid footballer) & Victoria Edwards McManaman
Sir Richard Branson (British entrepreneur of Virgin fame)
Cristina MaCaya (Spanish socialite)
Nadja Swarovski (heiress of Austrian crystal empire)
Fabrizio Plessi (Italian artist)
Fiona Ferrer (Spanish blogger)
Lynne Franks (British PR guru)
Judy Marks (Ex- wife of Mr. Nice)
Til Schweiger (German actor)
Peter Maffay (German musician)
Udo Walz (German hairdresser to the stars)
Jesper Nielsen (Danish entrepreneur who established Pandora as a global brand)
Katherine Hamnett (British fashion designer)
Sabine Christiansen (German TV presenter)
Suzi Quatro (British musician)
For a relatively small island, Mallorca has so much to offer and is one of the jewels of Spain and the Balearic Islands. With its perfect climate, accessible airport, and friendly people, it is the ideal destination for family holidays as much as a romantic getaway for two. Outdoor enthusiasts will appreciate the landscape and beach lovers the numerous calas and beaches. Sailors can appreciate the facilities and warm waters, and culture lovers the art, history and theatre. It’s time to discover the beauty of Mallorca.
More about Mallorca
Regions of Mallorca
The north of Mallorca offers unspoiled beauty, long white sandy beaches perfect for kids, lively ports, traditional markets and wonderful sightseeing. […] The Northern Region of Mallorca
Blissful holiday escapes and the advantages of small town living. The northwest region encapsulates the beauty and traditions of Mallorca. […] Northwest Mallorca
The South of Mallorca made-up of the coastline from Palma to Cala D’Or – a beautiful rugged coast with breath-taking sea views and unspoiled villages. […] The South of Mallorca
Peaceful bays, breathtaking scenery and lively holiday resorts are all part of what makes the Southwest of Mallorca special. […] The Southwest Region of Mallorca
The central region of Mallorca is one of the most beautiful and diverse areas of the island. Towns such as Bunyola, Inca and Santa Maria are worth a visit. […] Central Region of Mallorca
Seasons of Mallorca
Looking for something new to do in spring? Here is our guide of the top 16 things that we recommend… […] Top 16 things to do in spring on Mallorca
Getting around Mallorca
Learn more about taking the bus in Mallorca. It is easy, affordable & convenient with many options & regular service within Palma & across the island. […] Buses in Mallorca
Take a taxi in Mallorca from the airport, around Palma or any village on the island. They are safe & reliable 24-hours a day. Taxis use meters for pricing. […] Taxis in Mallorca
Leave the car at home & experience Mallorca by train. The metro system brings commuters across Palma while the train goes to villages like Inca & Sa Pobla. […] Mallorca trains
Fuel tank rule? Insurance? Here we reveal all the essentials for booking a hire car on Mallorca to ensure you don’t get any surprises.
[…] Car Hire on Mallorca
Let this guide help you discover how to hire a bicycle in Mallorca-from Palma’s bike hire system to leisurely tours to intense cycling holidays and routes. […] Hire a bike in Mallorca
With direct bus lines to Palma & taxi’s across the island, save money & time by using the efficient transportation options available at Mallorca’s airport. […] Mallorca airport transfers
Mallorca is an ideal place to spend your holidays with a lots of hotels. Are you looking for a hotel near the beach or boutique hotel? Here you’ll find it!
Restaurants on Mallorca
Get to know the best restaurants on Mallorca, by region or type. Gourmet trends, hot recommendations and the most talented chefs – it’s all here!
The abcMallorca Reservations App is out now! Download the App to book your favourite restaurant at the click of a button. […] Download the abcMallorca Reservations app NOW!
The abcMallorca Reservations App will be available for download on Friday, the 17th of March 2017… Register your restaurant NOW! […] Register your restaurant on the abcMallorca APP
Best things to do on Mallorca
You’ll never run out of things to do on Mallorca! Here we give you ideas for everything from cultural and outdoor activities to sports and water fun.
Find your apartment, villa, finca home on Mallorca. Mallorca’s property market offers a wide variety of properties to buy or rent, to suit all budgets.
Living on Mallorca
Living in Mallorca means a relaxed cosmopolitan lifestyle but it helps to know as much as possible about making a new life here. Find out more here!
Join the abcMallorca Newcomers Club to Mallorca where you can access local knowledge and resources to make your move as easy and stress-free as possible. […] Join the Newcomers to Mallorca Club now!
Job hunting is not quite the same in Mallorca as other places. What can you do to find a job? Here is your complete guide to finding work on the Balearic island. […] Finding a job in Mallorca
Your comprehensive guide to finding a family doctor on Mallorca plus the best clinics and hospitals with staff who speak foreign languages. […] Family Doctors in Mallorca
Making the decision on where to send your kid/s to school is a big one so here is helpful background information to schools in Mallorca. […] Education in Mallorca
Doing business on Mallorca
Register now to receive invitations to the abcMallorca Business Networking events. Start building your business contacts today! […] Join the abcMallorca Business Club now!
Local festivals & major events
Environment & Tourism
Mallorca offers plenty of eco-friendly options of getting around the island. Choose electric cars, e-bikes or public transport for a greener visit! […] Green initiatives for a sustainable Mallorca
As the environment struggles to cope with the relentless rise in the number of visitors coming to the island, are we doing enough? […] Mallorca: paradise in peril
The Sustainable Tourism Tax rate earns millions for local environmental projects in the Balearic Islands. […] What is Mallorca’s tourist tax?